The nation may be plunged into a constitutional crisis in about three
weeks as the tenure of the acting Chief Justice of Nigeria, Justice
Muhammad Tanko, comes to an end.
Tanko was inaugurated by President Muhammadu Buhari on January 25, 2019
following an order by the Code of Conduct Tribunal that the substantive
CJN, Justice Walter Onnoghen, be suspended and the next in line of
seniority, be sworn in.
The constitution states that the President cannot
Judicial Council. Onnoghen and Tanko are facing a probe by NJC, the body
responsible for the discipline and appointment of judges.
While Onnoghen was given a query by the NJC to respond to allegations on
why he failed to declare some of his assets as required by law, the
acting CJN was asked to respond to a query on why he allowed himself to
be sworn in by Buhari without the recommendation of the NJC as
stipulated by law.
Onnoghen has challenged his suspension before the Court of Appeal but
the court has withheld judgment for unknown reasons while the case
before the CCT has been given an accelerated hearing.
Buhari will only be able to extend Justice Tanko’s tenure if the NJC
sends his name to the President for confirmation. He will subsequently
be expected to send his name to the Senate for confirmation.
However, the Senate led by Senate President Bukola Saraki, is at loggerheads with the executive.
The upper chamber of the National Assembly harshly criticised Buhari for
suspending Onnoghen and had even threatened to drag the executive arm
of government to the Supreme Court.
Reliable sources in the Presidency feared that if Buhari nominates
Muhammad as the CJN to the Senate, the current set of lawmakers would
likely reject his nomination.
Speaking with The Punch, however, Chief Robert Clarke (SAN) said it was
too early to speculate as the NJC still have three weeks.
Clarke said the constitution is clear that the appointment of judges
should be on the basis of seniority and since Onnoghen remained under
suspension, the NJC would have to extend the tenure of Justice Tanko,
who is also being probed by the council.
He said, “The Constitution will not allow a vacuum in any instance. It
says the most senior judge will take over as acting CJN. After three
months, the NJC can recommend another three months. He has no definitive
tenure. It only said if the position is not vacant, the most senior
“The NJC can recommend Tanko again. I know the NJC will do the right
thing. They know more than you and I, they know what to do. The
constitution says the most senior. So, the NJC cannot recommend just
anyone. Let’s not speculate.”